I had a dream the other night that I couldn’t remember my grandchildren’s names. I was struggling to recall them in the dream and finally woke up with a start. That is the first time that the fear of dementia has entered my dream life. The first time that I found myself frantically trying to retrieve information that was important for me to remember.
Of course, it wouldn’t take a psychiatrist to explain where my anxiety is coming from. After all, my beloved older sister Leslie died a few years back in the throes of total dementia. She was two years older than I am right now when she died. The difference is, however, that Leslie’s dementia came from a severe concussion she experienced twenty years before her death. She hit her head after skidding off of her bike as she rounded a corner that had been covered in gravel. That concussion was so severe that Leslie had to relearn to read. However, none of us knew then what a toll it would take over the next twenty years. Leslie started having trouble keeping up with her notes as a psychologist, but nobody realized her concussion was related. Certainly, none of us knew that over time, she would end up as a patient in the very same memory unit where she worked as a psychologist not that many years before.
Nobody else in my family has displayed early-onset dementia. Granted my grandmother, Winnie Waugh, clearly had late-onset dementia, but she was in her mid-80s by then. My father died at 69 from lung cancer but his mind was as sharp as ever and my mother at 82 was smarter and more with it than most of the people I know. So, my point is that I haven’t been nursing a secret fear about losing my memory.
However, clearly somewhere in there, I do have a secret fear (surely I’m not the only one!) and as a result, I’ve decided I want to look at exactly what is good for brain health so I can make sure I’m doing it. After all, it can’t hurt and, besides, I have grandchildren and great-grandchildren I’d like to spend time with before I leave this earthy plane.
I did some research and found the list of several activities that are good for brain health. Ironically, they look remarkably similar to recommendations for good health in general. Here they are, in case you’re interested. I suspect we would all do well to follow these recommendations. After all, I am certain I’m not the only one around here who wants to keep my faculties and continue to enjoy life.
Let me know if you’ve found some activities that are satisfying. I’d love to hear what you’re doing to keep yourself healthy.
Here’s the list:
1. Exercise regularly.
The first thing I tell my patients is to keep exercising. Exercise has many known benefits, and it appears that regular physical activity benefits the brain. Multiple research studies show that people who are physically active are less likely to experience a decline in their mental function and have a lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
We believe these benefits are a result of increased blood flow to your brain during exercise. It also tends to counter some of the natural reduction in brain connections that occur during aging, in effect reversing some of the problems.
Aim to exercise several times per week for 30–60 minutes. You can walk, swim, play tennis or any other moderate aerobic activity that increases your heart rate.
2. Get plenty of sleep.
Sleep plays an important role in your brain health. There are some theories that sleep helps clear abnormal proteins in your brain and consolidates memories, which boosts your overall memory and brain health.
It is important that you try to get seven to eight consecutive hours of sleep per night, not fragmented sleep of two- or three-hour increments. Consecutive sleep gives your brain the time to consolidate and store your memories effectively. Sleep apnea is harmful to your brain’s health and may be the reason why you may struggle to get consecutive hours of sleep. Talk with your health care provider if you or a family member suspects you have sleep apnea.
3. Eat a Mediterranean diet.
Your diet plays a large role in your brain health. I recommend my patients consider following a Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes plant-based foods, whole grains, fish and healthy fats, such as olive oil. It incorporates much less red meat and salt than a typical American diet.
Studies show people who closely follow a Mediterranean diet are less likely to have Alzheimer’s disease than people who don’t follow the diet. Further research is needed to determine which parts of the diet have the biggest impact on your brain function. However, we do know that omega fatty acids found in extra-virgin olive oil and other healthy fats are vital for your cells to function correctly, appears to decrease your risk of coronary artery disease, and increases mental focus and slow cognitive decline in older adults.
4. Stay mentally active.
Your brain is similar to a muscle — you need to use it or you lose it. There are many things that you can do to keep your brain in shape, such as doing crossword puzzles or Sudoku, reading, playing cards or putting together a jigsaw puzzle. Consider it cross-training your brain. So incorporate different activities to increase the effectiveness.
I don’t recommend any of the paid brain-training programs available today. These programs often make promises that they can’t keep or focus on memorization skills that aren’t useful in everyday life. Your brain can get just as good of a workout through reading or challenging yourself with puzzles. Finally, don’t watch too much television, as that is a passive activity and does little to stimulate your brain.
5. Remain socially involved.
Social interaction helps ward off depression and stress, both of which can contribute to memory loss. Look for opportunities to connect with loved ones, friends and others, especially if you live alone. There is research that links solitary confinement to brain atrophy, so remaining socially active may have the opposite effect and strengthen the health of your brain.